Different Methods of Painting
Painting has been defined as the art of applying color, pigment, paint etc on a support base. The manner used to apply on the base is mostly through a brush, which also comes in various sizes and shapes. The domain of paintings includes walls, wood, glass, paper and canvas. The different methods used for painting include oil, water color, pastel acrylic, spray and enamel painting.
Oil painting is done by using pigments and drying oil and in Europe, by using linseed oil. Varnish oil paintings are valued because of their gloss. The progress of oil paintings can be traced back to Northern Europe's early Netherlands paintings. These paintings gained their epic in the Renaissance period by replacing tempera paintings in a large part of Europe. Famous oil paintings include Deux Soeurs , Mono Lisa and the Avenue of Poplars.
Famous water color paintings include Autumn Flight and Marin Island. Water color paintings are done by using water soluble pigments. Mostly, paper has been used as the support base for water color paintings. However, other mediums like Bark papers, plastics and leather have also been used. In East Asia, water color painting is also referred to as scroll painting. This type of painting has been most dominant and famous in Korea, Japan and China, usually in monochrome browns and blacks. In China, innovation in this type of painting was introduced by the use of fingers instead of brush, leading to the origination of Finger Painting.
Pastel painting refers paintings done by the use of stick as the painting medium, and using binder and pure powered pigments. The binder used is of low saturation and of usually a neutral hue, but the pigments are the same as those used in other types of paintings. A major feature of this type of painting is the color effect provided by the pastels, which is closer to the natural dry pigments than that of any other painting. Careful attention has to be paid towards its preservation, as these paintings are very fragile and can be easily spoiled. That's why they are sprayed with Fixative and often kept under glass frames.
Another method of painting is Acrylic Painting, which consist of pigments which have been suspended in acrylic polymer emulsion, thus resulting in the paintings drying very quickly. These paintings are water resistant but they can be diluted with water before they are dried. This unique ability of these paintings to be diluted with water, media or pastels helps in giving them a form resembling a water color or oil painting or have its own unique look if they aren't dieted with any other foreign chemical or medium. The major difference between oil and acrylic paintings is the time it takes for them to dry. Oil takes longer to dry, as it needs more time to blend colors and help in an even glazing over the surface. This slow drying affect of oil helps in the application of various techniques in painting, but is also a tedious factor for some painters.
About the Author